The term State Crimes Against Democracy (SCADs) represents the first – and only – academic attempt to acknowledge that state crimes do not necessarily entail abuses of human rights, nor do they happen solely on territories which can be hardly described as functioning states. SCADs represent all sustained efforts by public officials to circumvent the constitutional system of checks and balances, the rule of law and/or popular control of government (deHaven-Smith, 2006), as well as other attempts by the state, state agencies and institutions, or…Continue Reading “What are State Crimes Against Democracy (SCADs)?”

Contemporary scholarly research habitually maintains that, with regards to democracy, there has been a considerable – and increasing – decline in all aspects of democratic governance, including civil liberties, media freedom, political accountability and transparency, during the past decade (see Figure 1); and a concurrent decline in popular support for democracy, stemming from disappointment with the political class (see Figure 2), which – in turn – has led to a decline in popular participation in democratic politics (European Economic and Social Council, 2013; Diamond, 2016)….Continue Reading “Why this project?”

Considering the under-researched nature of SCADs and the absence of theory, the most feasible methodology reasoned to be appropriate for achieving the research aim is Strauss and Corbin’s (1990; 1994; 1998; see also Bryant, 2009; Charmaz, 2000; Corbin and Strauss, 1990; 2008) evolved grounded theory methodology (GTM). The research process will develop in four phases, where each stage of the process will progress in accordance to the principles of the GTM, thus serving as a basis for informing further data collection, up to the point…Continue Reading “Methodology”